Shifters, Boozing & Cop Culture – The Down Low

WPS Press Conference (Photo JGJ)

You might not want to convict Winnipeg Police Officer Constable Justin Holz (34) of anything just yet.

Holz was charged with Impaired Driving Causing Death & Failure to Stop at the Scene of an Accident Involving Death as a result of his alleged involvement in a fatal motor vehicle collision involving a pedestrian.

The incident occurred on October 10, 2017 at approximately 8:00 p.m., in the area of Main Street and Sutherland Avenue.

The victim was identified as 23-year-old Cody Severight.

Cody Severight (FB)

Police Chief Danny Smyth was quick to hold a presser to apologize to Severight’s family, identify the involved officer and face a barrage of questions from the media.

“This is an unexpected tragedy. This officer will be held accountable for his actions. I want to make it clear that Constable Holz is being investigated criminally for his conduct, he will be treated accordingly regardless of the fact that he’s a member of the police service.” said Smyth.

Despite the Chief’s assurances that justice will be done, let us not forget, Holz, like anyone else, has the right to be presumed innocent until proven guilty.

In reality, convicting him might be more difficult than you would think.

When I read the Independent Investigation Unit of Manitoba’s media release I noticed a significant omission.

In most cases of impaired driving, you can expect to see charges of drive over .08 or refuse a breathalyzer.

There were no such charges laid against Holz.

That seemed peculiar.

Police Chief Danny Smyth confirmed Holz consented to a breathalyzer test but was not able to confirm a reading.

At this point, I think its safe to assume Holz was under the legal driving limit of 80 milligrams of alcohol per 100 millilitres of blood.

That will surely complicate things for the prosecutor.

Convicting someone of Impaired Driving when they blow under the legal limit, while not impossible, is certainly no slam dunk.

The alcohol reading surely won’t be the only issue raised at trial.

The Main Street Strip, as it is often called, is notorious for being a freeway for unpredictable, intoxicated jaywalkers who beat a path across eight lanes of traffic making their rounds to the seedy Hotels who specialize in grossly over serving their clientele.

(Having policed this area for several years I can tell you the problem is a real.)

You can expect the blood alcohol & toxicology findings from Mr. Severight’s autopsy to be raised as a potential issue at trial.

Randy Turner covered the issue of intoxicated jaywalkers in last Saturday’s edition of the Winnipeg Free Press with his story, “A tragedy waiting to happen.”

Randy Turner (WFP)

Turner quotes Leslie Spillett, former Winnipeg Police Board member, who said, “People live in this neighbourhood. There are children and elders, old men. They deserve to be treated as human beings.”

I don’t recall anyone suggesting the people who live in this neighbourhood were somehow less than human beings.

How did the issue so profoundly devolve?

The “real” issue certainly involves off duty officer conduct, police culture and drinking & driving.

In the postscript Chief Danny Smyth suggested, police officers, like anyone, are entitled to get together to socialize after work. Impaired driving, he suggests, is a problem for society in general;

“We see people that get killed in car accidents and with impaired driving. Our officers are part of the community too, we’re not immune from those problems.”

In an opinion piece in the Winnipeg Free Press, police antagonist Gordon Sinclair Jr suggests there is, “No place for shifters in modern-day policing.”

Sinclair infers Smyth somehow has the authority to control the drinking habits of his off duty officers.

The suggestion is absurd.

Cop Culture

When I joined the WPS in 1987, after-hours socializing was an important part of the job.

It’s how we connected on a deeper level, developed trust, bonds and friendships.

As a rookie cop, I enjoyed the after-hours camaraderie.

It was a different time.

A time when off duty officers smoked heavily, drank hard and rarely made arrangements for a safe ride home.

Police officers in those days undoubtedly used alcohol to treat job-related emotional trauma.

We didn’t share our feelings, put vulnerabilities on display or book appointments with a trained mental health professional.

That’s because the Police Service didn’t have trained mental health professionals in those days.

With the passage of time, things began to slowly change.

Part of the change came from a deeper understanding of the effects of job-related emotional trauma (PTSD) and the dangers associated with the use of alcohol or drugs to self-medicate.

The wake-up call came in 2005, the year an off duty police officer killed Crystal Taman in a rear end collision after leaving a “shifter.”

Crystal Taman (Family Photo)

The officer was originally charged with Impaired Driving Causing Death, Refusing a Breathalyzer Demand and Criminal Negligence Causing Death.

He was ultimately convicted of Dangerous Driving Causing Death.

The Taman family was devastated by the loss of their beloved Crystal and were re-victimized by their experience in the criminal justice system.

The officer lost his career, his ability to provide for his family and his standing in the community.

Worst of all, he had to live and still lives with the fact he killed an innocent woman, a wife, a mother, a daughter and more…

It was a tragedy of epic proportions.

A completely avoidable tragedy.

It changed the way many of us socialized.

Invitations to shifters or house parties started to come with prerequisites – attendees had to have transportation previously arranged with designated drivers, taxi cabs or limousines.

I hosted parties with those prerequisites as did many of my friends in Law Enforcement.

It made for stress-free social gatherings.

No one was leaving the party driving drunk.

No horrific headlines in the morning newspaper.

No lives destroyed.

How Did We Forget So Soon?

Police Tape (Photo JGJ)

It’s been twelve (12) years since Crystal Taman was killed.

How did we forget so soon?

There should never have been a need for a second wake up call.

Police Officers must never forget the lessons learned from past tragedies.

Those lessons must create a metamorphosis into a new kind of cop culture.

The culture of responsibility, accountability, and integrity.

The culture of intelligent decision-making.

The culture of sober off duty driving.

Police Officers simply must do better.


  1. James G Jewell


    No idea how you arrived at the idea I was suggesting Cody was intoxicated….

    I dont say that anywhere in the article and have no idea if thats true or not.

    My personal opinion is it doesn’t matter either way.

    If he was impaired, and that has yet to be proven, Holz would be 100% responsible for this tragic situation.

    I only pointed out that you can expect the defence to raise it as an issue as an aggravating circumstance if he was proven to be intoxicated.

    That’s it.

    The whole point of the article was to encourage police officers to be accountable and exercise discretion when it comes to drinking and driving.

    No need to hate.

    No need for the hostility towards me, but its all good.

    I like that you are supporting your friend in the wake of the tragedy.

    I’ll leave it there.

  2. So what youre trying to say is that Cody Severight was “intoxicated?” Helll nahhh thats why I hate cops like this.

    No matter what youre all just dirty and try make the murderer sound innocent and nice.

    FUCK Justin Holz!!!

    Justin Holz is a murderer and a coward. The sad thing about this whole sad case is that if Cody was still here, he would have forgave him. Cody wouldve probably been the one to apologize to Justin Holz. There is no good outcome of this. Yeah he could rot in jail but that will never bring back Cody. Fuck u and your article.

  3. “Worst of all he has to live with the fact he killed an innocent woman”?

    No, worst of all Derek Harvey-Zenk isn’t rotting in prison for the rest of his miserable life. Maybe you forgot the tidbit where he lied refused to remember anything that happened and the police department that intentionally botched the investigation was disbanded for their corruption of protecting a killer cop? Worst of all, he drove drunk, an oathbreaker, killed a woman, and got off scot-free, period. He didn’t even get fired. Probably gets a nice, fat, utterly undeserved tax-sucking pension after his undeserved six-figure job.

    That’s the problem with cops who write articles. You still try to make it it out like this sociopathic lying sack of shit is some sort of victim, when what he is… is a killer. A killer who deserves to rot in hell and never see his family again. And all the cops who supported and lied to protect his pathetic, no-account coward ass can go right there with him.

    Fuck Derek Harvey-Zenk. I hope people harass and spit in him every day until he dies.

  4. James G Jewell


    I appreciate your comments and agree with many of your insights.

    For the record, I was not implying the victim was a wandering drunk, only that the area is well known for intoxicated jaywalkers as evidenced by the article in the WFP.

    I know the problem is real based on experience gained working the area for many years.

    I do expect Mr. Severight’s blood and toxicology readings may be raised as an issue at trial.

    The way this thing rolled out, I do expect a trial.

    See new post today regarding additional charges for the officer.

    Thank you for reading and commenting.

  5. Hi James;

    Was wondering if you would touch this with a ten foot pole and you have. Good on you. For me if any officer is caught drinking and driving they completely deserve to get the book thrown at them. The argument they see lots of bad stuff is crap. No one forced them to become cops. Cant take the heat do something else. BUT the single most important thing to me is you would have to be the ultimate hypocritical asshole to hand out tickets for impaired driving and then do the same no?

    There is literally zero argument that can be made around that. Giving tickets to others, screwing up their lives and then doing the same thing? That has entitled asshole written all over it. You seem to imply this kid was a wandering drunk, not sure where you get your information, not to mention you know and I know people want justice here and already 2 members have been placed on leave due to their behavior around the investigation of their fellow officer.

    Maybe if you guys let the bad ones pay for their crime you would see a different attitude towards police in general.

    After what happened to this Taman, cop gets off because his buddies covered it up, why would any of us trust someone in a unifrom? Yes I know lots of outstanding officers and I agree with that premise, and their being dragged thru the mud by ones of this ilk that don’t have enough common sence to get a bloody ride. As for not having a blood reading sounds like Winnipegs finest dragged their ass getting around to testing their buddy and may not have one at all. Not a good reflection of WPS.

    Police and ex ones as well like yourself cannot understand peoples mistrust or apprehension.

    Yes innocent to tell proven guily but cowardly act to drive away after hitting a fellow human being and leve them to die in the street like a dog, even if it was on drunk down and out Main St. Hope they nail his ass! He deserves it.

  6. James G Jewell


    Thank you for commenting…

  7. James G Jewell


    You can bet there will be an expert to offer an opinion regarding impairment.

    As far as the jaywalking goes, I only mention it because I would expect a defence lawyer to raise it as a mitigating factor. What weight a Judge might give that is anyones guess.

    I appreciate your comments.

    Thank you.

  8. I have read in the media that while he blew under, the samples were obtained 3-4 hours after the fact and that they will seek an expert’s extrapolation.

    If the deceased was jaywalking, does that potentially eliminate the causation of death? Drivers are expected to be able to stop for unexpected things in the road.

    But I agree, you never know how things will go when it comes to impaired driving. It’s never an easy conviction. But even without causing death, the over 80, and the impaired, there’s still leaving the scene. In any case, it’s not good.

    But alcohol is so pervasive in society, as are cars, with predictable results. No class in society is immune.

  9. Bruce Hallmuth

    As a retired Firefighter we attended many calls down town like the WPS. I worked downtown and N.E. We used black humour to get thru our shitty deaths and wars! We also got away with a few after working. WPS need a way to let offficers gather and blow off steam I have a kid on dept and I don’t want to see it happen to another officer. I am sure the union can make arrangements? Stay safe!

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